The First Years: 1947-1954
The Puget Sound Navigation Company, or the Black Ball Line as it was known, had long had an established "night route" between Seattle, Port Angeles and
Victoria. Passengers would embark for a midnight departure time on suites aboard the stately Iroquois, or, in the early part of the century, the handsome steamer
By the 1940's, the Iroquois, despite having been modernized to carry autos and overnight passengers, was still steam-powered and was becoming unprofitable to
keep on the route. Although a finely appointed vessel, she was showing her age—at that time, already approaching nearly 50 years old.
Captain Alexander Peabody, president of the company, looked to build a vessel from the ground up for the route. The new vessel would be the most modern to sail
Puget Sound waters since the debut of the Kalakala over ten years before.
Peabody had the vessel designed by William Francis Gibbs, the prominent naval architect responsible for rebuilding the former German liner Vaterland into the
United States Lines Leviathan. Gibbs would later build the greatest American liners ever, the America and perhaps his greatest achievement, the wondrous S.S.
United States. The "Big U" as she was dubbed broke all speed records on the Atlantic. At over 40 knots, the liner would take the Hale's Trophy by crossing the
Atlantic in just over three days.
Gibbs' commission for Black Ball was constructed at Todd Shipyard in Seattle. She was christened as the Chinook and was the most modern vessel to grace Puget
Sound waters. The new vessel was dubbed by Gibbs himself as "The Queen Elizabeth of the Inland Seas." With her finely raked profile, the ferry certainly looked
more like an Atlantic Ocean liner than a ferry boat. Her arrow-like profile gave the sensation that she was moving even when standing still.
With room for 100 cars and staterooms for over 200 people, the Chinook proved to be an immediate success, solidly booked for weeks. Black Ball was eager to
publicize the vessel. Promotional photos were produced, and a number of postcards were printed. Not since the Kalakala had a new vessel been built for the
company, and they wanted to the boat to be profitable. They were not disappointed. Her accommodations earned her reputation quickly.
Unfortunately, by the time the vessel made her debut, storm clouds were churning on the horizon for Black Ball. Strikes, fare issues and pressures from commuters
and politicians forced Peabody into a tight corner. By 1950 it was over. The state had pushed the sale of the Puget Sound Navigation Company. Peabody retained
the Chinook, Bainbridge, Malahat, Quillayute and the fine old express ferry-steamer, City of Sacramento. When the State of Washington took over operations in
1951, the Chinook could still be seen departing Colman Dock for trips to Port Angeles and Victoria.
Time was running out for the Seattle portion of the route. Profits had dropped on the run, and with Peabody's new venture in Canada, the Chinook was pulled from
the Seattle part of the route. She continued between Port Angeles and Victoria, but by 1954, Peabody had a need for her elsewhere.
BUILT: 1947, Todd Shipyard, Seattle WA.
PREVIOUS/LATER NAMES: a. Chinook, b. Chinook II, c. Sechelt Queen, d. Muskegon Clipper
OFFICIAL NUMBER: 252908 CALL SIGN: WA3646
L/B/D: 318 x 65 x 17 GROSS/NET TONS: 4106/2792
PASSENGERS/AUTOS: 1000-day passengers, 208 in state rooms/100 cars
PROPULSION: 4 General Electric 278-A engines, diesel electric SPEED: 18.5 knots
NAME TRANSLATION: name of the jargon from which the ferries derive their names; a warm wind
FINAL DISPOSITION: Scrapped about 1997.
Above, the launch of Captain Peabody's new flagship on 23 April 1947 at Todd Shipyards in Seattle.